Read Vidur Niti in English
Mahatma Vidur of Vidur Niti Vidur is one of the popular characters of the epic Mahabharata including Shri Krishna, Bhishma Pitamah, Guru Drona, Yudhishthira, Bhima, Duryodhana, etc. Vidurji was also the Prime Minister of Kuruvansh along with Kakashri of Kauravas and Pandavas. Vidura, the incarnation of Yama (Dharma), was the son of Maharishi Vyasa. Vidur ji was a scholar and a visionary person. Mahatma Vidur did not leave the path of truth even in the worst of circumstances.
The birth story of Vidur: –
In the Mahabharata, there was King Shantanu and Queen Satyavati of Hastinapur. King Shantanu and Queen Satyavati had two sons named Chitrangad and Vichitravirya. Chitrangad and Vichitravirya were very young when King Shantanu died. Then grandfather Bhishma nurtured both of them. After growing up, Chitrangad was declared the king of Hastinapur. Chitrangad Veergati was received in the battle of Hastinapur and Gandharva. Then Vichitravirya was made the king of Hastinapur.
Vichitravirya was married to two daughters Ambika and Ambalika. But Vichitravirya suffered from tuberculosis after marriage and died childless in heaven. In this way, after the death of both sons, Queen Satyavati proposed to marry Ambika and Ambalika to Bhishma to continue the dynasty. But Bhishma refused to marry because he was bound by a vow.
Rani Satyavati sought help from Maharishi Vyas Ji to grow the dynasty. Then on the orders of Maharishi Vedvyas, Ambika went to the room of Maharishi Vyas, then she was so scared to see his ugliness that Ambika closed her eyes. As a result, Dhritarashtra was born. Then Ambalika turned pale with fear after seeing the Krishna form of Vyasji. As a result, the color of Pandu, the son born by him, turned yellow.
Queen Satyavati once again thought of sending Ambika to Vyas ji’s room with the wish of a healthy child. Ambika sent her maid to her place. This maid gave birth to Mahatma Vidur through Maharishi Vyasji.
What is Vidur Niti:-
The policies told by great men since ancient times are still prevalent today. Out of these Chanakya Niti is still followed by people. Similarly, people follow the Vidur Niti. In this policy of the great man Vidur, the description of the methodical policy of proper duties towards the king and his subjects is found.
Life-war, life-love, and life behaviour have got a special place in Vidur policy. Vidur Niti is described from the 33rd chapter to the 40th chapter of the Udyoga Parva of the Mahabharata.
Before the war in Mahabharata, he had a dialogue with King Dhritarashtra on all subjects, this dialogue is called “Vidur Niti”. Vidur ji had advised King Dhritarashtra not to fight, but he failed.
Vidur Niti says that-
एको धर्म: परम श्रेय: क्षमैका शान्तिरुक्तमा।
विद्वैका परमा तृप्तिरहिंसैका सुखावहा ।।
Eko Dharma: Param Shreya: Kshamaika Shantiruktma.
Vidvaika Param Triptirhinsaika Sukhavaha.
According to Vidura policy, only religion is the ultimate welfare, only forgiveness is the best way of peace. The only knowledge that gives ultimate satisfaction, and the only non-violence that gives happiness.
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